In Africa, cities are created where the population can not live

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If you take a closer look at the evolution of the global population, it quickly becomes clear that not only are we becoming more and more people, but we are also increasingly attracting men and women to the big cities. Especially here in Germany, this is often seen as a problem, as more and more jobs disappear in the country and the supply there is increasingly worse.

The situation is similar in the countries of Africa with which I deal in our current article. In the past, we have already told you about new cities that are being built up within a few years. For example, the major project "Diamniadio" in Senegal , which will combine mobility and sustainability in the future. Money for such projects comes mainly from China .

The new cities bring many benefits to Africa. In addition to the economic growth that comes from the establishment of companies and the attracting of new investors, the quality of life for the inhabitants by a better supply will continue to rise. In this w…

Chicken pox during pregnancy

Is it dangerous to be presented to chicken pox amid pregnancy?

It depends. In the event that you've had chicken pox previously, you're presumably invulnerable. You're additionally prone to be invulnerable on the off chance that you got the chicken pox antibody, which has been accessible in the United States since 1995.

A solitary dosage of the chicken pox antibody, which was the standard suggestion when it was first offered, adequately keeps the malady in 80 to 85 percent of individuals inoculated and keeps a serious case in many others. From that point forward, investigate has demonstrated that a second measurements gives extra assurance, so the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) now informs getting two dosages regarding the chicken pox antibody.

Since numerous grown-ups are resistant, not very many pregnant ladies get chicken pox – gauges run from 1 to 5 cases for each 10,000 pregnancies. However, you could become very ill in case you're not safe and do happen to come down with the illness while you're pregnant, and there's a little possibility that your infant would be influenced. You can discover your resistant status by having a basic blood test.

What could happen to my infant on the off chance that I got chicken pox in early pregnancy?

Odds are great that your infant would be fine. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you get chicken pox amid the first or second trimester, there's a slight hazard (under 2 percent) that your infant could get intrinsic varicella disorder. The hazard is most noteworthy in case you're tainted between weeks 13 and 20.

Intrinsic varicella disorder is described by birth abandons, most regularly skin scarring, contorted appendages, a strangely little head, neurologic issues (like scholarly inability), and vision issues. An infant with intrinsic varicella disorder may develop ineffectively in utero and experience the ill effects of seizures and also physical and mental formative handicaps. The contamination may likewise build the danger of unnatural birth cycle or stillbirth.

In the event that you contract chicken pox, you'll have a point by point ultrasound to check for indications of imperfections or different issues and after that have no less than one follow-up ultrasound. You may likewise meet with a hereditary advocate or maternal-fetal drug pro to examine your specific dangers.

Is my child in danger in the event that I get chicken pox near my due date?

In the event that you get chicken pox ahead of schedule in the third trimester, your child will likely be fine. Here's the reason: About five days after you catch chicken pox, your body produces antibodies to the infection, and these go to your infant through the placenta. This gives him assurance that his own juvenile safe framework can't give.

The most hazardous time to contract chicken pox is between five days before conceiving an offspring and two days after conveyance in light of the fact that amid that time allotment, your infant is presented to the infection however doesn't have sufficient energy to get antibodies from you. For this situation, there's a high hazard (up to 50 percent) that he'll create neonatal varicella, or infant chicken pox, which can be a genuine and even perilous condition, particularly if left untreated.

Luckily, your child's danger of an extreme case can be significantly decreased on the off chance that he gets a fix of varicella zoster resistant globulin (VZIG), a blood item that contains chicken pox antibodies. (You may likewise observe this alluded to as VariZIG, which is the brand-name item accessible in the United States.) Your child will be given the shot not long after birth on the off chance that you create chicken pox inside five long periods of conveyance, or when you find a rash if it's inside two days after conveyance.

The VZIG shot is additionally given to each child conceived before 28 weeks (regardless of whether the infant could have the infection) and to all preterm babies conceived following 28 weeks whose moms aren't safe.

Your infant will get the antiviral medication acyclovir intravenously on the off chance that he hints at any the disease, for example, a fever or a rash (regardless of whether it's only a couple of spots).



Is having chicken pox amid pregnancy more dangerous for my wellbeing?

Truly. It's as of now more hazardous for you to get the infection as a grown-up than as a tyke since a few grown-ups who get the contamination additionally build up a condition called varicella pneumonia, which can be extreme and even perilous. The danger of creating pneumonia might be higher on the off chance that you are a smoker or on the off chance that you get chicken pox amid the third trimester.

In pregnant ladies, this intricacy is additionally connected with higher rates of preterm birth.

What would it be advisable for me to do in case I'm presented to chicken pox?

In the event that you know you're insusceptible, you don't have to do anything. In case you don't know, call your human services supplier promptly to have a blood test.

On the off chance that the blood test demonstrates that you're not safe, you can get a fix of VariZIG to decrease your odds of an extreme disease and intense complexities. You can get the shot up to 10 days subsequent to being presented to chicken pox, however it's best to get it at the earliest opportunity. Lamentably, the shot won't anticipate fetal contamination.

Note: This assurance endures just around three weeks, so in case you're presented to chicken pox again over three weeks after your infusion, you'll require another shot.



What are the odds I'll get chicken pox in case I'm uncovered?

Chicken pox is exceptionally infectious. In case you're not invulnerable and you have coordinate contact with a tainted individual, it's probable that you'll become ill as well. For instance, on the off chance that somebody in your family unit has chicken pox and you're not safe, odds are 90 percent that you'll get it as well.

How soon would I create chicken pox manifestations?

It can take somewhere in the range of 10 to 21 days after introduction, however frequently you'll see signs following 14 to 16 days. At to begin with, you may have mellow influenza like side effects, trailed by a bothersome rash. The rash begins as meager red knocks that rankle as they get bigger, at that point in the long run dry out and scab over.

You'll most likely observe the rash first all over, chest, or stomach area, and new emissions will step by step show up on different parts of your body. You're infectious from around 48 hours before the main yield of knocks shows up until they've all crusted over.



What would it be a good idea for me to do on the off chance that I think I have chicken pox?

On the off chance that you begin to have side effects and think you have chicken pox, summon your medicinal services supplier right. Try not to appear unannounced at your supplier's office since you could taint other pregnant ladies there. On the off chance that you should be seen, they'll make uncommon game plans so you won't sit in a swarmed holding up room.

In the event that you do have chicken pox, you may get a medicine for the antiviral medication acyclovir. In the event that you build up any indications of pneumonia, similar to a fever with quick breathing, distress when you inhale, or a hack, summon your supplier right on the grounds that your condition can deteriorate quickly.



Call 911 in the event that you have extreme side effects, for example, inconvenience breathing or chest torment. Regardless of whether your side effects are generally gentle, you'll be hospitalized so you can be deliberately checked and treated with IV acyclovir.

Would i be able to get the chicken pox immunization while I'm pregnant?

No. The CDC encourages ladies to hold up multi month in the wake of getting the chicken pox antibody before endeavoring to imagine.

Mastermind to get the primary measurements of the immunization directly after you have your infant (and the second dosage four to two months after the fact at your baby blues visit), so you don't need to stress over contamination amid your next pregnancy. It's protected to get the antibody while you're breastfeeding.

How might I lessen my danger of getting chicken pox amid pregnancy in case I'm not invulnerable?

Abstain from being around any individual who has or may have chicken pox. This incorporates any individual who's not invulnerable and has interacted with a contaminated individual in the previous three weeks, and anybody with influenza like manifestations. Individuals with chicken pox are extremely infectious before they build up the obvious rash.

Additionally take care to dodge contact with anybody whom you know has shingles, which is a condition that influences individuals who've just had chicken pox. With shingles, the chicken pox infection is reactivated, causing an agonizing, bothersome skin rash. Despite the fact that you can't get shingles from somebody with the condition, you can come down with the chicken pox infection.



The CDC additionally prescribes that every single solid youngster age a year or more established and other defenseless individuals from your family unit be immunized to enable you to remain sound since you're well on the way to get chicken pox from somebody who lives with you. This is particularly imperative in the event that they've as of late been presented to chicken pox on the grounds that getting inoculated inside a couple of long periods of introduction decreases their danger of contracting the ailment.

Would I be able to get chicken pox from somebody who's simply been immunized?

Despite the fact that it's hypothetically feasible for a recently immunized individual to transmit the chicken pox immunization infection to another person, the hazard is microscopic. Just eight cases have been affirmed since 1995, making it greatly uncommon. This is much lower than the possibility of a helpless relative getting the characteristic infection and passing it to you amid your pregnancy.

Is it hazardous to create shingles while pregnant?

Shingles most regularly influences more established grown-ups and individuals with bargained insusceptible frameworks. It's extremely uncommon for a pregnant lady to create shingles. Be that as it may, regardless of whether you did, the hazard to your child would be irrelevant.

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